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James Hoggan

43152 L/Cpl

12th Battalion, Royal Scots, 27th Brigade, 9th (Scottish) Division

Age: 21

Date of Death: Killed in Action on 12 October 1917

Buried: Tyne Cot Memorial, Panel 11 to 14 & 162

Family history: He was the son of James and Catherine Penman Hoggan, of 2 Causewayend, Muiravonside. Employed as a miner by the Carron Coal Company at Craigend Colliery, he enlisted in the 10th Battalion Royal Scots on 5 May 1914. This was cyclist battalion. He transferred to the 12th Battalion. He went to France on 27 July 1916. On 9 April 1917 he received a gun shot wounds to his right knee and was admitted to the 2nd London General Hospital. He had a period on convalescence from 19 June to 26 June 1917 at home and was passed fit for service on 10 September 1917 and rejoined his battalion.

The action that lead to his death

On the night the 10/11 October 1917 the 9th (Scottish) Division relieved the 48th Division in the line near Poelcappelle. They received orders for an attack on the 12th October near the northern end of the Passchendaele Ridge. On the flanks the attack was to be carried out by the New Zealand Division on the right and the 18th Division on the left. The attack was to be launched at 5.35am. Around midnight on the 11th the weather broke down completely and added to already impossible ground. The 27th Brigade went forward but the leading men lost direction almost immediately owing to the wide frontage and the appalling ground. The 12th Royal Scots became mingled with the Seaforths.

The War Diary account states:

‘Our men were by now mixed up with the Seaforths and the Black Watch and it was decided to hold a line from the cemetery on the right to the high ground round Inch Houses with a complete battalion under Lt Col Horne D.S.O. 7th Seaforth Highlanders. Our casualties were fairly heavy and the stretcher bearers and doctors worked magnificently but in spite of their efforts many wounded died of exhaustion and exposure. Our estimated casualties were reported to Brigade as 8 officers and 300 other ranks.’

James Hoggan was one of the casualties.

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