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British Airmen - Railway Dugouts (Transport Farm) Cemetery

Railway Dugouts (Transport Farm) Cemetery. Ypres Salient. battlefields Belgium. Flanders
Authors image. Railway Dugouts (Transport Farm) Cemetery

Grave Special Memorial H.3 Lieutenant George Mutch. Observer. Gordon Highlanders attached 4 Squadron RFC. Age 24. KIA 6.7.17. Son of Alexander Sim Mutch and Jessie Cruickshank Mutch, of 1, Albert Place, Aberdeen.

He was on an artillery observation patrol. His Pilot, Lieutenant John Yates Taylor is buried in Hooge Crater Cemetery Grave XXI.J.10.

They were flying in an RE8 when they were in combat with five enemy aircraft. Shot down in flames and crashed near Zillebeke. Claimed by Leutnant Karl Wolff of Jasta 11.

Leutnant Karl Wilhelm Wolff - was born in Greifswald, Pomerania. He was orphaned as a child and was raised by relatives in Memel, East Prussia. Wolff enlisted in the Bavarian Army in 1912 at the age of 17, joining a transport unit, Railway Regiment Nr. 4. He was still with this regiment when World War I began. He received a commission on 17 April 1915, and he transferred to the Fliegertruppen (Flying Troops) in July.

Leutnant Karl Wilhelm Wolff. Railway Dugouts (Transport Farm) Cemetery. Ypres Salient. Jasta 11. German air Service. Flanders
Leutnant Karl Wilhelm Wolff Jasta 11

He was one of Imperial Germany's highest-scoring fighter aces during World War I. The frail youthful orphan originally piloted bombers before being picked by Manfred von Richthofen to join Jagdstaffel 11 (Fighter Squadron 11) in the burgeoning Imperial German Air Service. Under the tutelage of Richthofen, Wolff would shoot down 33 enemy aircraft in four months, including 22 victims during the Royal Flying Corps' disastrous Bloody April 1917. Wolff scored victories so rapidly he outran the Prussian awards system; although the Pour le Merite was customarily awarded after a fighter ace's 20th victory, Wolff's was not received until after his 29th.

On 6 May 1917, after this 29th victory, Wolff was transferred to command Jagdstaffel 29 and score two victories. When Richthofen moved up from Jagdstaffel 11 to become the wing commander of the Flying Circus, his replacement as Jagdstaffel 11 commander was killed. Wolff was transferred to command his old squadron; he scored his 32nd and 33rd victories with them. On 11 July, he was wounded and grounded after a crash landing. On 12 September 1917, the day after he returned to duty, he was promoted to Oberleutnant. Three days later, Wolff made his final patrol, leading a patrol of five in a prototype Fokker Triplane. In a chaotic dogfight with Sopwith Camels from No. 10 Naval Squadron, Wolff nearly collided with his assailant, Norman MacGregor. As Wolff fell out of sight, MacGregor claimed an "out of control" victory. Wolff was probably dead before the triplane's explosive impact.

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